Many vehicle owners do not know how to maintain their tires and will even need help determining if they are due for replacement. Few barely know that there are different categories of tires. One of the big differences to note is between racing tires and standard tires. So what does it mean to have racing tires vs. standard tires? Even if you think that the terrain of a racing track and the standard track is minimal, there is a whole lot of difference between the two types of tires.
One of the most obvious differences is that standard tires operate in all conditions while racing tires are only prepared for smooth asphalt and high heat. That is a simple distinction to note before heading to the tire shop. It is also a good starting point for our discussion on racing tires vs. standard tires.
Although all kinds of tires are manufactured with performance in mind, some differences make racing tires stand out from the rest. Let’s look at these differences.
The standard tires are manufactured with durable rubber in combination with heavy steel. On the other hand, racing tires are manufactured with a unique polymer compound combined with a dual-layer of particulate carbon, which increases the grip and stability of these tires on the race track.
Racing tires are designed to go a longer distance quickly, which is why aerodynamics is a concern for many drivers. On the other hand, when buying standard tires, a driver is only concerned by how long the tires can last rather than how fast they can go.
Standard tires must have at least 1.5mm of tread as a legal limit, although that differs depending on the country. In contrast, some racing tires have four longitudinal grooves required to be at least 2.55mm deep and 50mm apart. That has caused manufacturers to use harder rubber compounds because it is challenging to create the groove with softer materials.
Some racing tires, called slick tires, feature no tread. That means they provide more grip on the road as the surface area in contact with the road is bigger. Slick tires were phased out in many countries as groove tires were introduced to mitigate cornering speeds, but they had a comeback a decade ago.
Nitrogen vs. air
Standard tires are filled with air to make them road-worthy, but some racing tires are filled with nitrogen gas to minimize the tire’s temperature and prolong its lifespan. That means the tire pressure remains constant during races and facilitates slow pressure loss without impacting the tire and rim materials.
The standard car tires are projected to last around 16000 kilometers before wearing out. In contrast, racing tires are more lightweight; therefore, their lifespan is limited. Ideally, they are expected to last around 120kilometers at most.
Dry vs. wet weather suitability
The standard tires can withstand dry and wet conditions without any problem. In contrast, racing tires are designed to handle either wet or dry weather extremes at a time. That means a racing car driver needs specific wet and dry tire sets.
The botton line
Whether using standard or racing tires, ensure they are well maintained with enough tread, pressure, and minimal wear before hitting the road.