Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) is a surgical hair transplant procedure based on transferring follicular units (grafts of normal-occurring sections of one to four hairs). The FUT technique is a success compared to the previous hair transplantation methods that utilized massive grafts, which did not give a natural appearance; instead, they built a hair “plug” like impression.
Hair loss, affecting approximately 85 percent of men, results when dihydrotestosterone (a modified type of testosterone) damages hair follicles on the scalp. The attacked follicles produce hairs that become continuously lighter in colour, shorter in length, and tiny in diameter until, in due course, they decrease entirely and hair production stops. Follicular unit transplantation and other mens hair transplants which assist in covering the depilated spots caused by hair loss are not painless invasive surgeries. Not all genes get attacked by dihydrotestosterone (DHT); some men’s genetic code withstand DHT, which means they are likely not to suffer from hair loss.
How FUT Works.
Unlike other hair transplant surgeries (which last between four to eight hours), FUT surgical procedure is generally fast. During this surgical procedure, local anesthesia numbs the scale; thus, most patients stay awake. Here are the outlined steps during this procedure:
- After identifying and marking the hair extraction area, the surgeon will re-draw your hairline and take photos. Local anesthesia is applied to numb your scalp, and you can also choose to have a sedative before the onset of the procedure.
- The donor hair extraction site (usually from the back of your head) is cut to approximately two millimeters.
- The surgeon will trim out the exact size of the strip with the hair follicles needed to cover the bald spots. The skin strip usually does not exceed 0.4 to 0.6 inches wide.
- The single hair follicles are then extracted from the strip by a technician who prepares them for transplantation.
- After closing your scalp with surgical seams, the surgeon will re-insert the hair follicles into the balding sections of your scalp in a natural design.
- Bandages and some antibiotics are applied to your scalp.
The results from the surgical procedure in most people are visible in six to nine months, while some have to wait for a year. FUT transplant demands you to have plenty of hair on your head which is needed to cover bald spots. Medical conditions such as alopecia areata and thyroid disorder can cause hair loss; in this case, the FUT procedure likely will not be an option. FUT surgery fits candidates with the following conditions:
- Hair thickness: Men with huge hair follicle density typically have a better chance of coverage.
- Age: Hair loss is least predictable in younger people; thus, FUT is mainly executed on candidates above age 25.
- Area of balding: Hair loss at the front of the head is best treated with FUT.
- Hair colour: Men with the least colour contrast fit the best candidates for undergoing FUT surgery because of the similar colour of their skin and hair.
- Diagnosis: Men who retaliate best to FUT transplant have a Norwood pattern hair loss.
Several factors cause hair loss besides hereditary male hair loss. Certain drugs used to treat some medical conditions such as heart problems, high blood pressure, arthritis, gout, depression, and cancer lead to hair loss. Also, going through stressful occasions and medical conditions such as alopecia areata causes hair loss.